There are a number of specific requirements that are needed for the game of tennis, especially in tournaments. This ensures that the playing field or in this case court is fair for all players.

The court that is used in Tennis is rectangular, flat surface that is 23.77m long and 8.23m wide. This type of court is used for single matches while 10.97m wide for double matches. There is an additional clear space that is needed for players to reach overrun balls. A net is used to divide the court into 2 equal parts and is parallel to both the baselines. The baselines are where the players strike from. The net is 10.67m high at the posts and 0.914m high at the center. The surface of the tennis court may be different varieties such as artificial turf courts, grass, clay, or even hard courts of asphalt, concrete or courts topped with acrylic that is actually the most common.


The lines on a tennis court have different purposes. The line that defines the width of the court are called baselines. These lines are the farthest back. The service line is in the middle of the court. There is a short mark in the center of each baseline which is referred to as the center mark. The sidelines are the outermost lines that make up the length of the court and are called the boundaries. This is used when doubles are being played. These are used as boundaries when singles play. The service line is the line that runs across the center of a player’s side. This is where the serve must be delivered, the area between the service line and the net on the receiving side. The player does not serve from this line.

The line separating the service line in two is the center line. The created boxes are called service boxes. The player has to, depending on a player’s position, to hit the ball into one of these boxes when serving. If the player serves the ball and it does not bounce inside the line or on the line it will be considered out.

The players (or teams) start on opposite sides of the net where the one player is will be the server, and the opposite player will be the receiver. Before the warm up starts, the players toss a coin to determine who will be the receiver and who will be the server. The service then alternates game between games by each player (or teams). The server begins from behind the baseline, situated in the center of the mark and the sideline. The receiver, however, may begin from anywhere on their own side of the net.

Each time a new service starts, both players play for a point. Once the ball is in service, the players must return the ball with each strike legally for the ball to remain in play. The point of the game is to try outplaying and maneuvering the ball past the opposite player without giving them the opportunity to return the ball and keep the ball in play.